Orthodontics, much more than wearing “braces”
Orthodontics faces problems that go further than only aligning teeth and it has to take into account the alterations of maxillaries and medication disruptions. We talk with the orthodontist from Sannas clinic, Dr. Juan Arias, to know more about this specialty.
At what ages we can wear orthodontics?
The right age to treat malocclusions varies depending on the type of problem and its severity. Any problem could be improved independently from age, but in some cases extractions could be prevented and bone complications if the treatment is done at early stages.
For example, if a child is 6 years old, but its bony development presents some complications, it should be solved as soon as possible and like that be able to take advantage of the growth adapting to the treatment to be able to achieve the objectives and be aware of the problem once more, because if we are not anymore in growing phase and we have a problem in the bones, the treatment will need some surgical help, indeed, a major surgery to solve the problem.
It is orthodontics recommended to adults?
The treatment in adult patients is not only recommendable but also necessary in many cases to prevent the progressive deterioration of the dentition and lengthen its existence. Once the supportive gingiva and bones are healthy, we could start to have similar results to the ones seeing in younger patients. We need to take into account the dentistry global vision that allows orthodontics to be helpful to open or close spaces between teeth and so be able to place implants. Actually they exist, modern devices that correct without being noticed and with high quality and comfort that make the number of adult patients keep growing annually.
Are they many adults that opt for the invisible orthodontics?
Undoubtedly. We have seen in the last years a big progress in esthetics and technique in what the past 10 years meant to wear braces. Actual braces are more comfortable to wear, the patient can continue with its social and professional life with more security. With invisible orthodontics we have less urgency and what is more, the patient can control more exhaustively its treatment.
But not everyone can wear orthodontics, isn´t it?
That is it. The diary or normal factors that do not allow us to have an orthodontic treatment are varied. The most frequent one is the periodontal disease, the one that the patient presents teeth mobility and loss of the bone that supports these last ones. But I should tell you, that the progresses in these types of treatments are allowing us to treat even those patients. But we consider that, before we need to treat those base problems. Other factors could be many teeth loss, systematic diseases, psychological, etc.
A part from the esthetical motivation, which benefits does the patient obtains from orthodontics?
The vast majority of the patients only search for esthetics. But a better smile also brings other more important benefits. The orthodontics treatment achieves the teeth alienation and improves the maxilla bones position, at this point is important that the temporomandibular articulation professional diagnoses the patient as well. And after the treatment the teeth will fit in making sure a good mastication process, the teeth will be maintained healthy and strong, will facilitate the brushing process and will assure a long teeth and gingiva life. As an important added value, good positioned teeth produce a beautiful and attractive smile that reinforces the self-esteem.
Dr. Juan Arias Pou